How to Set Up File History Backup in Windows 10

File History is a feature in Windows 10 that offers a simple way to automatically backup personal files. It creates regular, scheduled copies of personal files in the Libraries, Desktop, Contacts, and Favorites folders. By saving iterative versions of these files, users can review or restore a file's version from a specific date and time.

Importance of File History Backup

Hard drive failures, accidental deletions, or software corruption can lead to data loss. File History provides a layer of protection by maintaining copies of important files. Having periodic backups means reduced risk and quicker recovery if data loss occurs.


  • External drive or network location to save backups.
  • Windows 10 operating system.

Setting Up File History Backup

  1. Connect the external drive to the computer.
  2. Open Settings.
  3. Select Update & Security.
  4. Choose Backup from the left pane.
  5. Under Back up using File History, click on Add a drive.
  6. Select the external drive from the list.
  7. Once selected, Windows will automatically backup files. Adjust backup options by clicking on More options.
  8. From here, choose how often backups occur and how long they're kept.

Restoring Files Using File History

  1. Open the folder containing the file to be restored.
  2. Right-click the file and select Restore previous versions.
  3. A list of file versions will appear. Choose the desired one.
  4. Click the Restore button to get the file back.


File History is a valuable tool for ensuring data safety. Regularly checking backup settings and ensuring the backup drive is in good health is essential for data security.