Third-Person Camera in Unity

A Third-person camera is a type of camera placed behind the player, usually slightly shifted to the side, giving a visual representation of the game level and the player itself.

To make a Third-Person Shooter (TPS) camera in Unity we will use a combination of a regular player movement and a third-person view.

Sharp Coder Video Player

Step 1: Create The Player Controller

First, we will create a Player controller that will handle rotation and movement:

  • Create a new Game Object (Game Object -> Create Empty) and name it "Player"
  • Create a new Capsule (Game Object -> 3D Object -> Capsule) and move it inside the "Player" Object
  • Remove the Capsule Collider component from Capsule and change its position to (0, 1, 0)
  • Create a new GameObject and name it "CameraParent" and move it inside the "Player" Object, change its position to (0, 1.64, 0)
  • Move the Main Camera inside the "CameraParent" Object and move it behind the Player (In my case I moved it to this position: (0.5, 0.6, -2.9))

Third Person Camera in Unity

  • Create a new Script, call it SC_TPSController, and paste the code below inside it:


using UnityEngine;


public class SC_TPSController : MonoBehaviour
    public float speed = 7.5f;
    public float jumpSpeed = 8.0f;
    public float gravity = 20.0f;
    public Transform playerCameraParent;
    public float lookSpeed = 2.0f;
    public float lookXLimit = 60.0f;

    CharacterController characterController;
    Vector3 moveDirection =;
    Vector2 rotation =;

    public bool canMove = true;

    void Start()
        characterController = GetComponent<CharacterController>();
        rotation.y = transform.eulerAngles.y;

    void Update()
        if (characterController.isGrounded)
            // We are grounded, so recalculate move direction based on axes
            Vector3 forward = transform.TransformDirection(Vector3.forward);
            Vector3 right = transform.TransformDirection(Vector3.right);
            float curSpeedX = canMove ? speed * Input.GetAxis("Vertical") : 0;
            float curSpeedY = canMove ? speed * Input.GetAxis("Horizontal") : 0;
            moveDirection = (forward * curSpeedX) + (right * curSpeedY);

            if (Input.GetButton("Jump") && canMove)
                moveDirection.y = jumpSpeed;

        // Apply gravity. Gravity is multiplied by deltaTime twice (once here, and once below
        // when the moveDirection is multiplied by deltaTime). This is because gravity should be applied
        // as an acceleration (ms^-2)
        moveDirection.y -= gravity * Time.deltaTime;

        // Move the controller
        characterController.Move(moveDirection * Time.deltaTime);

        // Player and Camera rotation
        if (canMove)
            rotation.y += Input.GetAxis("Mouse X") * lookSpeed;
            rotation.x += -Input.GetAxis("Mouse Y") * lookSpeed;
            rotation.x = Mathf.Clamp(rotation.x, -lookXLimit, lookXLimit);
            playerCameraParent.localRotation = Quaternion.Euler(rotation.x, 0, 0);
            transform.eulerAngles = new Vector2(0, rotation.y);
  • Attach the SC_TPSController script to the "Player" object (You will notice that it also added another component called Character Controller. Change its center value to (0, 1, 0))
  • Assign the "CameraParent" Object to the "Player Camera Parent" variable

Step 2: Add Camera Collision Detection

Camera collision detection will consist of a script that will check if there is anything between the Camera and the Player, and will automatically move the Camera closer, thus preventing the Camera from clipping through the objects.

  • Create a new script, name it SC_CameraCollision then paste the code below inside it:


using UnityEngine;

public class SC_CameraCollision : MonoBehaviour
    public Transform referenceTransform;
    public float collisionOffset = 0.3f; //To prevent Camera from clipping through Objects
    public float cameraSpeed = 15f; //How fast the Camera should snap into position if there are no obstacles

    Vector3 defaultPos;
    Vector3 directionNormalized;
    Transform parentTransform;
    float defaultDistance;

    // Start is called before the first frame update
    void Start()
        defaultPos = transform.localPosition;
        directionNormalized = defaultPos.normalized;
        parentTransform = transform.parent;
        defaultDistance = Vector3.Distance(defaultPos,;

        //Lock cursor
        Cursor.lockState = CursorLockMode.Locked;
        Cursor.visible = false;

    // LateUpdate is called after Update
    void LateUpdate()
        Vector3 currentPos = defaultPos;
        RaycastHit hit;
        Vector3 dirTmp = parentTransform.TransformPoint(defaultPos) - referenceTransform.position;
        if (Physics.SphereCast(referenceTransform.position, collisionOffset, dirTmp, out hit, defaultDistance))
            currentPos = (directionNormalized * (hit.distance - collisionOffset));

            transform.localPosition = currentPos;
            transform.localPosition = Vector3.Lerp(transform.localPosition, currentPos, Time.deltaTime * cameraSpeed);
  • Attach the SC_CameraCollision script to the Main Camera
  • Assign the "CameraParent" Object to the "Reference Transform" variable
  • Tweak the "Collision Offset" and the "Camera Speed" values in case the Camera is clipping through the walls

The TPS Camera is now ready, press Play to test it.

📁TPSCamera.unitypackage172.07 KB
Suggested Articles
Implementing Parkour System in Unity
Adding Head Bobbing Effect to the Camera in Unity
Adding Double Jump Support to a 2D Platformer Character Controller in Unity
Adding Crouching to FPS Player in Unity
3D Worm Controller Tutorial for Unity
Spaceship Controller in Unity
Rigidbody-based Planetary Player Controller for Unity