Meaning Behind the Word: Cartogram

Cartogram is a term used in the field of geography and cartography to describe a unique type of map representation.


A cartogram is a map that distorts the geographical size of regions or areas to represent a specific variable other than land area. This distortion is done to convey information more effectively.

Examples of Use

Here are some examples of when and why cartograms are used:

  • Population Cartograms: These maps resize regions based on their population, making densely populated areas appear larger, and highlighting population distribution.
  • Economic Cartograms: These maps can represent the economic output of regions by resizing them according to their GDP, showing economic disparities.
  • Election Cartograms: In this context, cartograms can resize areas based on the number of electoral votes, providing insights into the political landscape.

Advantages and Limitations

Cartograms offer unique advantages, such as a clear visualization of data patterns. However, they also have limitations, like the potential for distorted shapes that may confuse the reader.


A cartogram is a powerful tool in geography and cartography, used to convey information by distorting the size of regions to represent specific variables. They find applications in various fields and help us gain valuable insights into data patterns.