Meaning Behind the Word: Quartile

Quartile refers to each of the four equal divisions of a dataset, population, or distribution, each representing 25% of the total.


The term quartile stems from the division of a dataset into four parts, each comprising one-fourth or 25% of the total.


In various contexts, the concept of quartiles is utilized:

  • Statistics: Quartiles are commonly used in descriptive statistics to analyze and interpret data distribution.
  • Finance: In finance, quartiles help investors assess the performance and volatility of investments.
  • Education: Quartiles may be used to rank students' performance on standardized tests or assessments.


Quartiles provide valuable insights into the distribution and spread of data, allowing for better understanding and decision-making across various fields and disciplines.