Meaning Behind the Word: Neoclassical

The term Neoclassical carries significant weight, encapsulating a rich blend of historical context, artistic movements, and architectural styles.


In its essence, Neoclassical refers to a revival of classical styles and principles in art, architecture, and culture, particularly prevalent during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Historical Context

The Neoclassical movement emerged as a reaction to the ornate and extravagant Baroque style, seeking to reconnect with the simplicity, symmetry, and ideals of ancient Greek and Roman art and architecture.


Key characteristics of Neoclassical art and architecture include:

  • Harmony: Striving for balance, order, and proportion in design.
  • Classical Motifs: Incorporating elements such as columns, pediments, and arches inspired by ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
  • Clarity: Emphasizing clear lines, geometric shapes, and precise forms.

Notable Examples

Some notable examples of Neoclassical architecture include:

  • The United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
  • The Parthenon in Athens, Greece.
  • The British Museum in London, England.


The Neoclassical movement left an indelible mark on art, architecture, and culture, influencing subsequent movements and shaping the aesthetic landscape of the modern world.