Managing Users and Permissions in Linux

Managing users and permissions is a fundamental aspect of Linux system administration. In this tutorial, we'll provide a comprehensive guide to user administration in Linux, covering user creation, modification, deletion, and permission management. By understanding these concepts and mastering the relevant commands, you'll be able to effectively manage users and permissions on your Linux system.

1. User Management

Creating a new user:

sudo adduser username

Changing user password:

sudo passwd username

Modifying user properties:

sudo usermod -aG groupname username

2. Group Management

Creating a new group:

sudo addgroup groupname

Adding a user to a group:

sudo usermod -aG groupname username

Removing a user from a group:

sudo deluser username groupname

3. Permission Management

Viewing file permissions:

ls -l filename

Changing file ownership:

sudo chown username:groupname filename

Changing file permissions:

sudo chmod permissions filename

4. Managing Sudo Access

Granting sudo access to a user:

sudo usermod -aG sudo username

Revoking sudo access from a user:

sudo deluser username sudo


Effective user and permission management is crucial for maintaining the security and integrity of your Linux system. By following this practical guide to user administration in Linux, you'll have the knowledge and tools necessary to create, modify, and delete users, manage groups, and control file permissions with confidence. Experiment with different user management commands and permissions settings to tailor your system to your specific requirements.

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