Adding Sway Effect to Weapons in Unity

Adding a weapon sway effect in Unity, which simulates the natural movement of a weapon in a character's hand, can enhance the realism and immersion of your game. Weapon sway in games refers to the subtle movement or sway of a firearm or other weapon as it is held by a character, typically influenced by user input. Below is a step-by-step tutorial along with a code example to help you achieve this:


  • Create a new Unity project or open an existing one.
  • Import your weapon model into the project. Make sure it is set up properly with animations if needed.
  • Create a new C# script called "WeaponSway" and attach it to your weapon GameObject.
  • Open the "WeaponSway" script and add the following code:


using UnityEngine;

public class WeaponSway : MonoBehaviour
    public float swayAmount = 0.02f;
    public float maxSwayAmount = 0.06f;
    public float smoothAmount = 6f;

    private Vector3 initialPosition;

    void Start()
        initialPosition = transform.localPosition;

    void Update()
        float moveX = -Input.GetAxis("Mouse X") * swayAmount;
        float moveY = -Input.GetAxis("Mouse Y") * swayAmount;

        moveX = Mathf.Clamp(moveX, -maxSwayAmount, maxSwayAmount);
        moveY = Mathf.Clamp(moveY, -maxSwayAmount, maxSwayAmount);

        Vector3 targetPosition = new Vector3(moveX, moveY, 0f);
        transform.localPosition = Vector3.Lerp(transform.localPosition, targetPosition + initialPosition, Time.deltaTime * smoothAmount);
  • Adjust the "swayAmount", "maxSwayAmount", and "smoothAmount" variables to control the intensity and smoothness of the sway effect. Play around with these values until you achieve the desired effect.
  • Save the script and return to the Unity editor.
  • Select your weapon GameObject in the hierarchy and adjust its position so that it is centered in the scene.
  • Test your game by running it and moving the mouse around. You should see the weapon sway effect in action.
  • Fine-tune the parameters as needed to ensure the sway effect feels natural and immersive.


You've successfully added a weapon sway effect to your Unity game. Feel free to customize the code further to suit your specific needs and enhance the overall gaming experience.

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